Niti Aayog Health Index Report: Kerala remains top on Health Index

Niti Aayog Health Index: Kerala leads NitiAyog’s health performance index, according to the fourth edition of its state health index report for 2019-20, titled, “Healthy States, Progressive India”. Kerala scored 82.2 out of 100.

This is for the fourth time in a row that this Southern state ranked top in the list. The neighbouring Tamil Nadu (72.42) and Telangana (69.96) held the 2nd and 3rd places respectively, while Uttar Pradesh occupied the bottom position with a score of 30.57.

Among the smaller states, Mizoram led the health index leaving Nagaland at the bottom. Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu was ranked at the top among the Union Territories, while Andaman & Nicobar remained at the bottom.

Niti Ayog’s health index report ranks states and Union territories based on their overall performance and incremental improvement in the health system

The index is built on 24 indicators, grouped mainly under three broad domains, such as Health Outcomes (70% weightage in index); Governance and Information (12%); and Key Inputs and Processes (18%).

Health outcomes reflect the sum total of subdomains including Neonatal Mortality Rate (NMR), Under-five Mortality Rate (U5MR), Sex Ratio at Birth (SRB) and Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR).

Niti Aayog Health Index

Governance represents Health Monitoring and Data Integrity among other things. The key inputs and processes represent the measures adopted to strengthen the health system. This includes the proportional number of health care providers in public health facilities and the strength of the integrated Human Resources Management Information System.

You would like: Wipro To Acquire US-Based Edgil For $230m

Niti Aayog Health Index: Three Categories of States

For indexing purpose, the states are classified into three categories viz; Larger States, Smaller States and UTs, to make the comparison reasonable.

Larger states
Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal
Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha,
Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand
Smaller States
Arunachal Pradesh, Goa, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim,
Union Territories
Arunachal Pradesh, Goa, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim,

Niti Aayog Health Index 2019-20 report (Larger States)

Niti Aayog health index report

Source: Niti Aayog

Download report

Niti Aayog Health Index: Kerala leads traditionally in primary sectors

Kerala is considered to be a role model in areas of health and education. The State enjoys a better health standard featuring low birth and death rate, rapidly declining growth rates, and increased life expectancy.

This is mainly due to the importance the state govt is giving to investments in education and health infrastructure. The governments in power irrespective of the differences in party colours and ideologies have maintained a consistent policy for these prominent primary sectors.

So, it is not surprising that Kerala has been recognized as a state with healthcare facilities matching international standards since the 1970s. Traditionally, the state is well equipped in quality maintenance and setting standards. The private sector also has contributed significantly to improving health standards since the mid-1980s.

1.What is the main function of NITI Aayog?

Ans: NITI in NITI Aayog stands for National Institution for transforming Inda. It functions, under the Ministry of Planning like the top public policy think tank of the Government of India. As a nodal agency Niti Aayog is responsible for formulating the policy-making process with the cooperation and involvement of both the state and the central governments.

2. Who introduced NITI Aayog?

Ans: NITI Aayog was formed on 1 January 2015, by the first Narendra Modi government at an annual budget of Rs.339.65 crores. It replaced the former Planning Commission, formed some 65 years ago. Prime Minister Narendra Modi is the Chairperson of Niti Ayyog, while economist Dr Rajiv Kumar is Vice-Chairperson; Amitab Kant IAS is the CEO.

Leave a Comment